Were Adam and Eve real people or just myths

 

 

Were Adam and Eve real people or just myths?

PROBLEM: Many modern scholars consider the first chapters of Genesis to be myth,

not history. But the Bible seems to present Adam and Eve as literal people, who had

real children from whom the rest of the human race came (cf. Gen. 5:1ff ).

SOLUTION: There is good evidence to believe that Adam and Eve were real persons.

First, Genesis 1–2 presents them as actual persons and even narrates the important

events in their lives (=history). Second, they gave birth to literal children who did the

same ( Gen. 4:1 , 25 ; 5:1ff ). Third, the same phrase (“this is the history of”), used to

record later history in Genesis ( 6:9 ; 9:12 ; 10:1 , 32 ; 11:10 , 27 ; 17:7 , 9 ), is used

of Adam and Eve ( Gen. 5:1 ). Fourth, later OT chronologies place Adam at the top of

the list ( 1 Chron. 1:1 ). Fifth, the NT places Adam at the beginning of Jesus’ literal

ancestors ( Luke 3:38 ). Sixth, Jesus referred to Adam and Eve as the first literal

“male and female,” making their physical union the basis of marriage ( Matt. 19:4 ).

Seventh, Romans declares that literal death was brought into the world by a literal

“Adam” ( Rom. 5:14 ). Eighth, the comparison of Adam (the “first Adam”) with

Christ (the “last Adam”) in 1 Corinthians 15:45 manifests that Adam was understood

as a literal, historical person. Ninth, Paul’s declaration that “Adam was formed first,

then Eve” ( 1 Tim. 2:13–14 ) reveals that he speaks of a real person. Tenth, logically

there had to be a first real set of human beings, male and female, or else the race

would have had no way to begin. The Bible calls this literal couple “Adam and Eve,”

and there is no reason to doubt their real existence.

 

 

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