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Is Peter the rock on which the church is built? MATTHEW 16:18

MATTHEW 16:18—Is Peter the rock on which the church is built?

PROBLEM: Roman Catholics use this to support their belief in the primacy of Peter, that is, that he is the rock on which the church is built. But said the church is built on Christ, not Peter (1 Cor. 3:11). Is Peter the “rock” in this ?

SOLUTION: are different ways to understand this , but none of them support the Roman Catholic view that the church is built on St. Peter, who became the first Pope—infallible in all his official pronouncements on faith and doctrine. This is evident for many reasons.

First of all, Peter was married (Matt. 8:14), and Popes do not marry. the first Pope could marry, why later pronounce that priest ( Pope) can marry.

Second, Peter was not infallible in his views on the Christian life. had to rebuke him for his hypocrisy, he was not “straightforward about the truth of the Gospel” (Gal. 2:14).

Third, the Bible clearly declares that Christ is the foundation of the Christian church, insisting that “ other foundation can anyone lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ” (1 Cor. 3:11).

Fourth, the sense in which Peter had a foundational role in the church, all the other apostles shared in the same . Peter was not unique in this respect. For declared that in this sense the church is “built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone” (Eph. 2:20). Indeed, the early church continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine [not Peter’s]” (Acts 2:42). “keys of the ” given to Peter (Matt. 16:19) were also given to all the apostles (cf. Matt. 18:18).

Fifth, is indication that Peter was the head of the early church. When the first council was held at Jerusalem, Peter played an introductory role (Acts 15:6–11). seems to have a significant position, summing up the conference and making the final pronouncement (cf. Acts 15:13–21). In any event, Peter is never referred to as the “pillar” in the church. , speaks of “pillars” (plural), such as, “, Cephas, and John” (Gal. 2:9). Peter (Cephas) is not listed first among the pillars.

Sixth, many Protestant interpreters believe that Jesus’ reference to “this rock” (Matt. 16:18) upon which His church would be built was to Peter’s solid (rock-like) testimony that Jesus was “the Christ, the son of the living God” (Matt. 16:16). But this rock reference to Peter (Petros, rock), which is certainly a possible interpretation, he was a rock in the apostolic foundation of the church (Matt. 16:18), not the rock. Nor is he the apostolic rock. Peter himself admitted that Christ is the chief rock (“cornerstone,” 1 Peter 2:7). And notes that the other apostles are all part of the “foundation” (Eph. 2:20).

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[1]Geisler, N. L., & Howe, T. A. (1992). When critics ask : A popular handbook on Bible difficulties (347). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.

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