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Is Peter the rock on which the church is built? MATTHEW 16:18

MATTHEW 16:18—Is Peter the rock which the church is built?

: Roman Catholics passage to support their belief in the primacy of Peter, that is, that he is the rock which the church is built. But Paul said the church is built Christ, not Peter (1 Cor. 3:11). Is Peter the “rock” in passage?

SOLUTION: are different ways to understand passage, but none of them support the Roman Catholic view that the church is built St. Peter, who became the first Pope—infallible in all his official pronouncements faith and doctrine. is evident many reasons.

First of all, Peter was married (Matt. 8:14), and Popes do not marry. If the first Pope could marry, why later pronounce that no priest (or Pope) can marry.

Second, Peter was not infallible in his views the Christian life. Paul to rebuke his hypocrisy, because he was not “straightforward about the truth of the Gospel” (Gal. 2:14).

Third, the Bible declares that Christ is the foundation of the Christian church, insisting that “no other foundation can anyone lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ” (1 Cor. 3:11).

Fourth, the only sense in which Peter a foundational role in the church, all the other shared in the same way. Peter was not unique in respect. Paul declared that in sense the church is “built the foundation of the and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone” (Eph. 2:20). Indeed, the early church continued steadfastly in the ’ doctrine [not just Peter’s]” (Acts 2:42). “keys of the kingdom” given to Peter (Matt. 16:19) were also given to all the (cf. Matt. 18:18).

Fifth, is no indication that Peter was the head of the early church. the first council was held at Jerusalem, Peter played only an introductory role (Acts 15:6–11). James seems to have a more significant position, summing up the conference and making the final pronouncement (cf. Acts 15:13–21). In any event, Peter is never referred to as the “pillar” in the church. , Paul speaks of “pillars” (plural), as, “James, Cephas, and John” (Gal. 2:9). Peter (Cephas) is not listed first among the pillars.

Sixth, many Protestant interpreters believe that Jesus’ reference to “ rock” (Matt. 16:18) upon which His church be built was to Peter’s solid (rock-like) testimony that Jesus was “the Christ, the son of the living God” (Matt. 16:16). But if rock has reference to Peter (Petros, rock), which is certainly a possible interpretation, he was only a rock in the apostolic foundation of the church (Matt. 16:18), not the rock. Nor is he the only apostolic rock. Peter himself admitted that Christ is the chief rock (“cornerstone,” 1 Peter 2:7). And Paul notes that the other are all part of the “foundation” (Eph. 2:20).

[1]

 

[1], N. L., & Howe, T. A. (1992). critics ask : A popular handbook Bible difficulties (347). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.

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